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How to establish a limited liability company in Poland?


  • Legal entity with legal person;
  • Minimum share capital is PLN 5.000;
  • Established by one or more individuals or legal entities. May not be established as a wholly owned subsidiary of another wholly owned company;
  • Represented by the Management Board;
  • Liable for its debts and obligations with its whole property. Normally shareholders are not liable for the company`s debts and obligations;
  • Ultimate authority is a Shareholder’s Meeting;
  • Supervisory Board may be optionally appointed, however it is obligatory if certain conditions are met.

The key steps necessary to form a limited liability company in Poland:

  • Choose a name, registered address and scope of activities;
  • Prepare the Articles of Association in accordance with the Polish legal requirements;
  • Registration of the company in National Court Register by submitting proper motions;
  • Open local bank account;
  • Pay of initial share capital defined in Articles of Association;
  • Registration for the VAT purposes.